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Photostory: Refugees and displaced people in Lake Chad
In 2015 and the first months of 2016, violence by Boko Haram caused thousands within the Lake Chad region of Chad to flee their homes. This includes, on a lower scale, a wave of refugees from neighbouring Nigeria.
In addition, the Chadian government’s response has forced tens of thousands of residents in the Lake area to leave their villages.
According to figures released by OCHA in October, there are 117,873 displaced people in the Lake region and 6,994 refugees, over 5,000 of whom have been living in the Dar Es Salam camp since the beginning of last year.
Although violence and the number of people fleeing have since decreased, many of those who have settled across the Lake region have lost their sources of livelihood and belongings.
Photostory: nowhere to go
It is totally landlocked, far from the sea and from major markets and transport routes.
It is also a poor region, affected by chronic food insecurity.
She is being checked by MSF staff before being brought to the main hospital in Bol from Yakoua town.
“We left Djilom under the threat of Boko Haram in November 2015," she says. "Boko Haram attacked our village in the night and we started running.
"They are killing without mercy. They kill people like animals.
"We felt like we were prisoners so we decided to leave and come to settle where we felt safe.
"It is hard here, but we have been welcomed.”
This has affected host communities, as they need to share their scarce resources with them.
Between January and October 2016, nearly 11,000 medical consultations were carried out in MSF mobile clinics in Djamerom.
Currently, the most common medical conditions seen in MSF clinics are linked to the difficult living conditions and the lack of access to clean water.
Djameron is now home to the entire village of Kobe - 6,000 people who fled from Kobe had made their way through the lake to an area they deemed safe.
Kobe was a village mostly comprised of fishermen. Now they have no choice but to live in the middle of the desert.
Forkoloum is home to 2,000 people, and has since the end of 2015 also been home to some 16,000 internally displaced people.
Between January and October 2016, the MSF team provided nearly 20,000 consultations, of which 5, 637 were for children under five.
Malnutrition is one of the biggest child killers in this country.
Many have left Kaya because the lack of food and decided to go back to their villages located on Lake Chad’s islands.
The lake is near Kaya, an internally displaced persons camp with about 1,200 people near the town of Bol in Chad.
Many people drink water directly from the lake, risking illness.
She and her husband joined a training camp and were indoctrinated by the terror group and their teachings.
After her husband blew himself up and killed numerous of civilians, the group urged her to join him in paradise.
On 23 December 2015, allegedly heavily drugged, she joined another suicide bomber in Birim to commit a terror attack.
Things did not go as planned. The male suicide bomber was killed and four civilians died, Halime survived.
She lost both her legs and her unborn baby. After being taken into custody and beaten, authorities ended up letting her go.
Confused and ashamed, she sits all day in a small tent on the outskirts of a village.