Our staff are still fighting to save the lives of patients and contain the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. If contracted, Ebola is one of the world’s most deadly diseases.
This open letter was first published in The Guardian on 3rd September 2014 following MSF International President Joanne Liu's briefing to UN member states, calling for the deployment of civilian and military assets with expertise in bio-hazard containment in West Africa.
Six months into the worst Ebola epidemic in history, the world is losing the battle to contain it. The British government, like a number of other states around the world, has invested in biological threat response. You have a political and humanitarian responsibility to immediately utilise these capabilities in Ebola-affected countries.
In West Africa, cases and deaths continue to surge. Riots are breaking out. Isolation centres are overwhelmed. Health workers on the front lines are becoming infected and are dying in shocking numbers. Others have fled in fear, leaving people without care for even the most common illnesses. Entire health systems have crumbled.
The current Ebola outbreak has killed over 1,550 people
The outbreak began in Guinea in December 2013 but was not detected until March 2014
The outbreak is the largest since the disease was discovered in Zaire in 1976
MSF has over 1,770 staff battling the outbreak in Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria
Over 240 people have recovered in MSF Ebola centres
Ebola treatment centres are reduced to places where people go to die alone, where little more than palliative care is offered. It is impossible to keep up with the sheer number of infected people pouring into facilities. In Sierra Leone, infectious bodies are rotting in the streets. Rather than building new Ebola care centres in Liberia, we are forced to build crematoria.
MSF medical teams have been on the front lines of this outbreak since it emerged. We have doubled our staff over the last month, but they are completely overwhelmed. We have been ringing alarm bells for months, but the response has been too little, too late.
While funding announcements, roadmaps, and finding vaccines and treatments are welcome, they will not stop the epidemic today. We have been losing for the past six months. We must win over the next three. And we can.
To curb the epidemic, it is imperative that states, including the UK, immediately deploy civilian and military assets with expertise in bio-hazard containment. We call upon the UK government to dispatch disaster response teams, backed by the full weight of logistical capabilities. This should be done in close collaboration with the affected countries.
Without this deployment, we will never get the epidemic under control.
The following must be prioritised:
- Scaling up isolation centres;
- Deploying mobile laboratories to improve diagnostic capabilities;
- Establishing dedicated air bridges to move personnel and equipment to and within West Africa;
- Building a regional network of field hospitals to treat suspected or infected medical personnel.
We must also address the collapse of state infrastructure. The health system in Liberia has collapsed. Pregnant women experiencing complications have nowhere to turn. People are also dying of malaria and diarrhoea. Hospitals need to be reopened, and newly created.
Lastly, we must change the collective mindset driving the response to the epidemic.
Coercive measures, such as laws criminalising the failure to report suspected cases, and forced quarantines, are driving people underground. This is leading to the concealment of cases, and is pushing the sick away from health systems. These measures have only served to breed fear and unrest, rather than contain the virus.
UN member states cannot focus solely on measures to protect their own borders. Only by battling the epidemic at its roots can we stem it. This is a transnational crisis, with social, economic and security implications for the African continent.
It is your historic responsibility to act. We cannot cut off the affected countries and hope this epidemic will simply burn out. To put out this fire, we must run into the burning building. Only governments such as the UK have the resources. Please use them to address this desperate crisis.
Médecins Sans Frontières/
Doctors Without Borders UK