Uganda hosts the largest number of refugees in Africa

Uganda was notorious for human rights abuses under the rule of Idi Amin and Milton Obote in the 1970s and 1980s.

Map of MSF activities in Uganda

Today, however, the landlocked East African country of more than 40 million people has managed to emerge from a disastrous civil war and economic catastrophe to become relatively peaceful, prosperous and stable.

The country has won praise for its vigorous campaign against HIV/AIDS, helping to reduce the prevalence of the virus from 30 percent of the population in the 1990s to single-digit figures. 

Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) first worked in the country in 1986.

Our current focus is on responding to the medical needs of the high numbers of South Sudanese refugees living in Uganda. We are also working to improving access to care for HIV - with an estimated 1.2 million Ugandans living with the disease - as well as tuberculosis (TB) and sexual and reproductive health services.

Refugees from South Sudan

Uganda hosts more refugees than any other country in Africa, with huge numbers of arrivals from neighbouring South Sudan.

According to UNHCR, the United Nations Refugee Agency, by August 2017 more than one million people had fled across the border into northern Uganda - 85 percent of whom were women and children. However, despite significant efforts by authorities and other organisations, the provision of aid has not met the urgent needs of so many people.

MSF has adapted a wide range of activities to assist refugees. In Yumbe district, we conducted 273,773 consultations, admitted 3,574 patients and assisted 712 births.

Our logistics teams supplied an average of two millions litres of water a day at the peak of activities.

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