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7 things the world should know about abortion
Access to safe abortion saves lives. So why isn't everyone talking about it?
My name is Manisha Kumar. I’m a doctor and, for the past three years, I’ve travelled the world talking about abortion.
Almost everywhere I go, it’s not a topic that is openly discussed – even with other healthcare workers. Many of them tell me abortion wasn’t even mentioned during their training, despite how common it is.
If everyone knew these basic facts about abortion, it would go a long way to combating stigma and increasing access to safe abortion care.
That’s why MSF has teamed up with HowToUseAbortionPill.org to create a free, open-source, evidence-based online course about medical abortions.
Our goal is to ensure that everyone has access to factual, scientifically accurate information about abortion – no matter who you are, where you are, or where you are going.
From everything I’ve experienced, I know that talking about abortion is the only way to break the cycle of stigma, shame, and misinformation that marginalizes people and puts their lives in danger. For humanitarian workers and medics, and for all of us, as sisters and brothers, as friends, it is our duty to educate ourselves so we can educate others.
With that in mind, here are seven things the world should know about abortion...
1. Safe abortion is healthcare
The fact is that one in four pregnancies ends in induced abortion. Which means that you probably know someone who’s had one. Maybe you’ve had one yourself.
But because there is so much stigma and shame around abortion, it can be difficult for people to talk about freely, let alone share their experiences and learn from each other.
Despite the stigma, abortion is a part of people’s lives and a key component of reproductive healthcare. It’s essential that healthcare workers, humanitarian workers – and everyone for that matter – know the basics about abortion.
2. Unsafe abortion is one of the main causes of maternal death
According to the Guttmacher Institute, at least 22,800 women die every year from complications from unsafe abortion. The World Health Organization reports that around 7 million women are admitted to hospitals every year as a result of unsafe abortion.
And, unlike the other causes of maternal death, unsafe abortion is almost entirely preventable – by providing access to safe, effective abortion care.
3. 97 percent of unsafe abortions take place in the Global South
Poor women, women of color, and women living in rural areas are disproportionately cut off from safe abortion services. They are the ones whose lives and dignity are most at risk.
Women and girls trapped in war, crisis, and conflicts often face additional barriers to accessing safe abortion care – our online course has special considerations for these humanitarian settings.
4. A safe, effective abortion can be done with pills
Having an abortion doesn’t necessarily mean going through a surgery or a medical procedure anymore.
An abortion can be provided safely with pills alone.
In this kind of medication abortion, a combination of pills causes the uterus to contract and push out the pregnancy in a process that is similar to miscarriage. This is effective at ending a pregnancy more than 9 times out of 10.
The chance of severe complication from a medication abortion is less than 1 percent. An abortion with pills is so safe that, most of the time, women can take the medications at home – they only need to go to a hospital or clinic if they have a question or a problem.
Contrary to rumors, a medication abortion does not cause infertility, mental health problems, or problems with future pregnancies.
5. An abortion with pills is relatively simple to provide
You don’t need any advanced technology or specialized medical interventions in order to provide medication abortion safely. According to the World Health Organization, blood tests, ultrasound, and follow-up are not required.
All you need to provide a medication abortion are: 1) accurate information, 2) quality medications, and 3) mutual respect and trust.
Because of this, medication abortion has increased access to safe abortion care for millions of women and girls around the world – and especially in low-resource and humanitarian settings.
6. The global gag rule is silencing healthcare workers
The Global Gag Rule – which President Donald Trump reinstated and expanded on January 23, 2017 – prohibits doctors, nurses, and other health workers around the world from even speaking about abortion. If they do, they could lose the funding from the US government which they use to provide vital health services.
Health workers are relied upon for thorough, evidence-based medical information, and now they’ve been silenced in the places where that information is needed the most.
7. The right information can make a huge difference
People living in crisis and conflict situations don’t commonly have access to computers, smartphones, or the internet. That’s why it’s essential for humanitarian workers to learn about medication abortion and spread the information. The more you know, the more you can help others.
After I gave a training on medication abortion in one of our field projects, a local doctor working with MSF came up to me to share her experience.
“Last year, when we did an emergency intervention in a refugee camp, women came to me asking for help with abortions. They really needed our help, but we didn’t know about this, so we had to turn them away,” she said. She didn’t know what happened to those women afterward, she didn’t see them again. “But now,” she said, “with what we have just learned, I see how easy it is. I think we can do more.”
I asked her if she thought that during the next emergency intervention, with the information she has now, it would be possible to provide safe abortion care. She nodded her head, “Yes, I think we can. In fact, we must.”
Neither MSF nor HowToUseAbortionPill.org take funding from the US government. This means we can't be silenced by the Global Gag Rule. We will speak the truth. An abortion with pills is simple, safe, and effective – even for those in the hardest to reach places.