22 Sep 16 06 Feb 18

Medical Press Review

This week’s bumper review contains a host of MSF-authored articles. In The Lancet, MSF contributes to a correspondence piece addressing hearing loss in patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB), and a meta-analysis in Open Forum Infectious Diseases estimating the occupational risk of latent TB infection and active TB among healthcare workers.

In Nature Scientific Reports, MSF contributes to an evaluation of the use of rapid urine-based tests in the diagnosis of disseminated TB in HIV-infected patients in South Africa, and in PLOS Medicine, an assessment of the effectiveness of food supplements in increasing fat-free tissue accretion in children with moderate acute malnutrition in Burkina Faso.

In PLOS ONE, MSF contributes to a cohort study examining the low mother-to-child HIV transmission rate but high loss-to-follow-up rate among women enrolled in a  transmission-prevention programme taking place in Mandalay, Myanmar, and in a feasibility study, MSF investigates the use of lay counsellors for the screening of cryptococcal meningitis using a rapid test at the point of care in Lesotho.

Next week, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine is hosting a lecture series that will be streamed live online, including a lecture by Professor Francesco Checchi on “The future of humanitarian health: six problems and six proposals”.

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Tuberculosis and lung disease

IJTLD • Article ***MSF author***: Missed opportunities for earlier diagnosis of rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis despite access to Xpert® MTB/RIF
NEJM • Article: Evaluation of a Rapid Molecular Drug-Susceptibility Test for Tuberculosis
The Lancet Inf Dis • Article: Diagnostic accuracy of Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra for tuberculous meningitis in HIV-infected adults: a prospective cohort study
IJTLD • Article: Tuberculosis, human rights and ethics considerations along the route of a highly vulnerable migrant from sub-Saharan Africa to Europe
IJTLD • Article: Persistently high early mortality despite rapid diagnostics for drug-resistant tuberculosis cases in South Africa
IJTLD • Article: High completion rates of isoniazid preventive therapy among persons living with HIV in Swaziland
IJTLD • Article: Pulmonary tuberculosis diagnostic practices among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus in Lesotho
IJTLD • Article: Detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis using the loop-mediated isothermal amplification test in South Africa

Health in a humanitarian setting

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health • Article ***MSF author***: Evaluating a Mental Health Program for Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon



Infectious Disease of Poverty • Article ***MSF author***: Knowledge, access and utilization of bed-nets among stable and seasonal migrants in an artemisinin resistance containment area of Myanmar
The Lancet Infectious Diseases • Article: AQ-13, an investigational antimalarial, versus artemether plus lumefantrine for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria: a randomised, phase 2, non-inferiority clinical trial  and comment
Malaria Journal • Article: Placental malaria and its effect on pregnancy outcomes in Sudanese women from Blue Nile State


Maternal and child health

Annals of the New York Academy of Science • Perspective ***MSF author***: Thiamine content of F-75 therapeutic milk for complicated severe acute malnutrition: time for a change?


Global health

The Lancet • Commission: The path to longer and healthier lives for all Africans by 2030: the Lancet Commission on the future of health in sub-Saharan Africa
The Lancet • Comment: Africa and health: a Commission to accelerate success
The Lancet • Comment: Longer and healthier lives for all Africans by 2030: perspectives and action of WHO AFRO
The Lancet • Correspondence: Response to an African-driven health agenda



PLOS NTD • Article: Knowledge and attitude towards Ebola and Marburg virus diseases in Uganda using quantitative and participatory epidemiology techniques
PLOS NTD • Article: Development of risk reduction behavioral counseling for Ebola virus disease survivors enrolled in the Sierra Leone Ebola Virus Persistence Study, 2015-2016
PLOS NTD • Article: Implementation of a study to examine the persistence of Ebola virus in the body fluids of Ebola virus disease survivors in Sierra Leone: Methodology and lessons learned



Lancet Child & Adolescent Health• Article: The effect of community-based support for caregivers on the risk of virological failure in children and adolescents with HIV in Harare, Zimbabwe (ZENITH): an open-label, randomised controlled trial  and comment


Neglected tropical diseases

TM&IH • Article: 12-month longitudinal parasitological assessment of lymphatic filariasis-positive individuals: impact of bi-annual treatment with ivermectin and albendazole
TM&IH • Article: Assessment of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths prevalence in school-aged children and opportunities for integration of control in local health services in Kwilu Province, the Democratic Republic of the Congo
PLOS NTD • Article: Global health policy and neglected tropical diseases: Then, now, and in the years to come



PLOS NTD • Article: Host outdoor exposure variability affects the transmission and spread of Zika virus: Insights for epidemic control


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