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22 Sep 16 14 Sep 18

Medical Press Review

07 September 2018 

This week, in Maternal and Child Nutrition, MSF co-authors a study that examines whether programme outcomes improved with the use of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) measurement compared to proportional weight gain, as the sole criteria for discharge within a MSF-supported feeding programme in Burkina Faso. The study showed the use of MUAC was associated with shorter hospital-stay times and appropriately reflected the need for longer treatment amongst severely malnourished children. 

In Conflict and Health, MSF-authors a qualitative analysis that explores the deterioration in mental health for migrants detained on Lesbos Island, Greece, following closure of the “Balkan route” in early 2015. The authors’ work, which was presented at MSF Scientific Days 2018, describes institutional abuse of migrants, inhumane living conditions, and the need for improvements to eliminate continuous traumatic stress. And, in the BMJ, MSF is mentioned in an opinion piece that calls on the public health community to speak out on rising rates of migrants dying at sea

In Lancet Infectious Diseases, a three arm, open-label, randomised, control trial compares the WHO-recommended sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine regimen for preventing malaria in pregnancy to weekly chemoprophylaxis, or intermittent treatment, with chloroquine. Resistance to the WHO regimen is high in Malawi, the study’s location. The findings indicate that chloroquine chemoprophylaxis might provide benefit in protecting against malaria during pregnancy, however, studies with larger sample sizes are needed. 

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Health in a Humanitarian Setting

Maternal and Child Health

HIV

Malaria

Tuberculosis

Lancet • Comment: Reducing harm in the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

Lancet • Comment: Better and safer treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

Lancet Resp Med • Comment: Time to act on injectable-free regimens for children with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

Antimicrobial Resistance

Lancet Global Health • Comment: Estimating the impact of antimicrobial resistance

Global Health

Lancet • Article: Mortality due to low-quality health systems in the universal health coverage era: a systematic analysis of amenable deaths in 137 countries

Lancet • Comment: Addressing the fragmentation of global health: the Lancet Commission on synergies between universal health coverage, health security, and health promotion

Lancet Global Health • Commission: High-quality health systems in the Sustainable Development Goals era: time for a revolution

Lancet Global Health • Comment: Raising a mirror to quality of care in Tanzania: the five-star assessment

BMJ Global Health • Article: Institutionalising an evidence-informed approach to guideline development: progress and challenges at the World Health Organization

Neglected Tropical Diseases

Lancet Inf Dis • Personal View: Deliberations of the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization on the use of CYD-TDV dengue vaccine

PLOS NTDs • Article: Burden of leishmaniasis in Brazil and federated units, 1990-2016: Findings from Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

PLOS NTDs • Article: Human rabies in Côte d'Ivoire 2014-2016: Results following reinforcements to rabies surveillance

PLOS NTDs • Article: Improving systematic rabies surveillance in Cameroon: A pilot initiative and results for 2014-2016

PLOS NTDs • Viewpoints: Bolstering human rabies surveillance in Africa is crucial to eliminating canine-mediated rabies

TM&IH • Article: Burden of Dengue among febrile patients at the time of Chikungunya introduction in Piedecuesta, Colombia

BMC BugBitten • Blog: The future looks bright for trachoma elimination

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