See the latest vacancies and find out about working for MSF UKJobs in the UK
Global Health Review - 03 July 2020
This week, MSF authors a systematic review and meta-analysis in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, evaluating the clinical and epidemiological performance of WHO Ebola case definitions. The authors find that the sensitivity of case definitions is not high enough to achieve acceptable false negative rates for community-based screening and the low specificity results in high numbers of false positives. The investigators outline how the definitions can be improved and a linked comment also discusses the findings.
MSF contributes to a cohort analysis in JIAS, analysing the differences in HIV care, treatment, and mortality outcomes between men and women in West Cape Province, South Africa over ten years. Compared to women, men were less likely to attend HIV care services or start antiretroviral therapy and presented with more advanced HIV with higher overall mortality. An MSF-coauthored viewpoint, also in JIAS, highlights the challenges in measuring linkage to HIV treatment services following HIV self-testing in low-income settings and sets outs adaptable, pragmatic approaches to overcome these.
An MSF-authored study in PLOS NTDs uses a household survey in Akonolinga health district, Cameroon, to assess the incidence and mortality of snakebite and the victims’ health-seeking behaviour. Researchers found an extremely high snakebite incidence and fatality rate and emphasised the need to improve anti-venom supply and first-aid training for traditional healers and health professionals.
Finally, MSF co-authors a commentary in Globalization and Health, presenting a framework to better equip humanitarian organisations to overcome the health concerns arising from climate change.
Reminder: WHO are running the second webinar of their series on neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) on July 8, during which they will be discussing how the new NTDs roadmap will contribute to sustainable and resilient health systems.
BMJ Global Health • Analysis : Modelling the pandemic: attuning models to their contexts
BMJ Global Health • Blog : COVID-19: A need to revalue the first line of care: notes from the Tshamilemba Health Centre , Congo
BMJ Global Health • Blog : COVID-19 in Mauritania: The epidemic resumes?
NEJM • Podcast : Audio Interview: The Challenges of Safe Reopening
The Lancet Digital Health • News : Africa's COVID-19 health technologies' watershed moment
The Lancet Global Health • Correspondence : An affordable videolaryngoscope for use during the COVID-19 pandemic
The Lancet Global Health • Comment : The colliding epidemics of COVID-19, Ebola, and measles in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Lancet Global Health • Comment : Rohingya refugees at high risk of COVID-19 in Bangladesh
The Lancet • World Report ***MENTIONS MSF***: Access to health care under threat in Afghanistan
Climate change and planetary health
Globalization and Health • Comment ***MSF AUTHOR***: Calibrating to scale: a framework for humanitarian health organizations to anticipate, prevent, prepare for and manage climate-related health risks
Conflict, migration and health
Transactions RSTMH • Article : Lessons learned from an under-reported mumps epidemic among Rohingya refugees in Cox's Bazar District, Bangladesh
International Journal for Equity in Health • Comment ***MENTIONS MSF***: Health equity and COVID-19: global perspectives
Trends in Food Science & Technology • Article ***MENTIONS MSF***: The role of food science and technology in humanitarian response
The Lancet Infectious Diseases • News : Infectious disease surveillance update
The Lancet Infectious Diseases • News ***MENTIONS MSF***: Global shortage of personal protective equipment
Maternal and child health
The Lancet Global Health • Article : Quality of care and maternal mortality in a tertiary-level hospital in Mozambique: a retrospective study of clinicopathological discrepancies and comment New (or not so new?) lessons from maternal autopsy in Mozambique
The Lancet Global Health • Article : Initial findings from a novel population-based child mortality surveillance approach: a descriptive study and comment MITS: an interim step towards improved cause of death data
The Lancet Global Health • Article : Use of controlled temperature chain and compact prefilled auto-disable devices to reach 2030 hepatitis B birth dose vaccination targets in LMICs: a modelling and cost-optimisation study and comment Strategies to increase timely uptake of hepatitis B vaccine birth dose
JIAS • Viewpoint ***MSF AUTHOR***: Measuring linkage to HIV treatment services following HIV self‐testing in low‐income settings
Neglected tropical diseases
PLOS NTDs • Article ***MSF AUTHOR***: Snakebite Epidemiology and Health-Seeking Behavior in Akonolinga Health District, Cameroon: Cross-sectional Study
PLOS NTDs • Article : The impact of four years of semiannual treatments with albendazole alone on lymphatic filariasis and soil-transmitted helminth infections: A community-based study in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
PLOS NTDs • Article : Six rounds of annual praziquantel treatment during a national helminth control program significantly reduced schistosome infection and morbidity levels in a cohort of schoolchildren in Zimbabwe
The Lancet Infectious Diseases • Article : Burden of disease in Gabon caused by loiasis: a cross-sectional survey and comment Uncovering the burden of loiasis: first estimates from Gabon
The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology • Comment : Walking the path together: incorporating Indigenous knowledge in diabetes research
Sexual and reproductive health
PLOS ONE • Article ***MSF AUTHOR***: A systematic review of intimate partner violence interventions focused on improving social support and/ mental health outcomes of survivors
The Lancet Infectious Diseases • Article ***MSF AUTHOR***: Clinical and epidemiological performance of WHO Ebola case definitions: a systematic review and meta-analysis and comment Evaluating case definitions for Ebola virus disease
The Lancet Global Health • Article : Overall, anti-malarial, and non-malarial effect of intermittent preventive treatment during pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine on birthweight: a mediation analysis and comment Defining the combined benefit of intermittent preventive malaria treatment in pregnancy
Malaria Journal • Article : Coverage of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) influences delivery outcomes among women with obstetric referrals at the district level in Ghana
Malaria Journal • Article : The impact of gravidity, symptomatology and timing of infection on placental malaria
Malaria Journal • Article : Caregiver and community perceptions and experiences participating in an infant malaria prevention trial of PfSPZ Vaccine administered by direct venous inoculation: a qualitative study in Siaya County, western Kenya
Malaria Journal • Article : Coverage of community case management for malaria through CHWs: a quantitative assessment using primary household surveys of high-burden areas in Chhattisgarh state of India
Malaria Journal • Article : Patterns of human exposure to malaria vectors in Zanzibar and implications for malaria elimination efforts
Malaria Journal • Article : Efficacy and safety of artesunate–amodiaquine and artemether–lumefantrine and prevalence of molecular markers associated with resistance, Guinea: an open-label two-arm randomised controlled trial