22 Sep 16 03 Jul 20

Global Health Review - 03 July 2020

This week, MSF authors a systematic review and meta-analysis in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, evaluating the clinical and epidemiological performance of WHO Ebola case definitions. The authors find that the sensitivity of case definitions is not high enough to achieve acceptable false negative rates for community-based screening and the low specificity results in high numbers of false positives. The investigators outline how the definitions can be improved and a linked comment also discusses the findings.

MSF contributes to a cohort analysis in JIAS, analysing the differences in HIV care, treatment, and mortality outcomes between men and women in West Cape Province, South Africa over ten years. Compared to women, men were less likely to attend HIV care services or start antiretroviral therapy and presented with more advanced HIV with higher overall mortality. An MSF-coauthored viewpoint, also in JIAS, highlights the challenges in measuring linkage to HIV treatment services following HIV self-testing in low-income settings and sets outs adaptable, pragmatic approaches to overcome these.

An MSF-authored study in PLOS NTDs uses a household survey in Akonolinga health district, Cameroon, to assess the incidence and mortality of snakebite and the victims’ health-seeking behaviour. Researchers found an extremely high snakebite incidence and fatality rate and emphasised the need to improve anti-venom supply and first-aid training for traditional healers and health professionals.

Finally, MSF co-authors a commentary in Globalization and Health, presenting a framework to better equip humanitarian organisations to overcome the health concerns arising from climate change.

Reminder: WHO are running the second webinar of their series on neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) on July 8, during which they will be discussing how the new NTDs roadmap will contribute to sustainable and resilient health systems.

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Outbreaks

BMJ Global Health • Article : Voices from the frontline: findings from a thematic analysis of a rapid online global survey of maternal and newborn health professionals facing the COVID-19 pandemic

BMJ Global Health • Analysis : Modelling the pandemic: attuning models to their contexts

BMJ Global Health • Blog : COVID-19: A need to revalue the first line of care: notes from the Tshamilemba Health Centre , Congo

BMJ Global Health • Blog : COVID-19 in Mauritania: The epidemic resumes?

BMJ • Letter : Covid-19 in Peru: from supervised walks for children to the first case of Kawasaki-like syndrome

NEJM • Podcast : Audio Interview: The Challenges of Safe Reopening

The Lancet Digital Health • News : Africa's COVID-19 health technologies' watershed moment

The Lancet Global Health • Correspondence : An affordable videolaryngoscope for use during the COVID-19 pandemic

The Lancet Global Health • Comment : The colliding epidemics of COVID-19, Ebola, and measles in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Lancet Global Health • Comment : Rohingya refugees at high risk of COVID-19 in Bangladesh

The Lancet • World Report ***MENTIONS MSF***: Access to health care under threat in Afghanistan


Climate change and planetary health

Globalization and Health • Comment ***MSF AUTHOR***: Calibrating to scale: a framework for humanitarian health organizations to anticipate, prevent, prepare for and manage climate-related health risks


Conflict, migration and health

Transactions RSTMH • Article : Lessons learned from an under-reported mumps epidemic among Rohingya refugees in Cox's Bazar District, Bangladesh

Conflict and Health • Article : Research ethics and refugee health: a review of reported considerations and applications in published refugee health literature, 2015-2018

Conflict and Health • Article : Measuring the psychosocial, biological, and cognitive signatures of profound stress in humanitarian settings: impacts, challenges, and strategies in the field


Global health

International Journal for Equity in Health • Comment ***MENTIONS MSF***: Health equity and COVID-19: global perspectives

Trends in Food Science & Technology • Article ***MENTIONS MSF***: The role of food science and technology in humanitarian response


Infectious diseases

The Lancet Infectious Diseases • News : Infectious disease surveillance update

The Lancet Infectious Diseases • News ***MENTIONS MSF***: Global shortage of personal protective equipment


Maternal and child health

The Lancet Global Health • Article : Quality of care and maternal mortality in a tertiary-level hospital in Mozambique: a retrospective study of clinicopathological discrepancies and comment New (or not so new?) lessons from maternal autopsy in Mozambique

The Lancet Global Health • Article : Initial findings from a novel population-based child mortality surveillance approach: a descriptive study and comment MITS: an interim step towards improved cause of death data


Vaccines

The Lancet Global Health • Article : Use of controlled temperature chain and compact prefilled auto-disable devices to reach 2030 hepatitis B birth dose vaccination targets in LMICs: a modelling and cost-optimisation study and comment Strategies to increase timely uptake of hepatitis B vaccine birth dose


HIV

JIAS • Article ***MSF AUTHOR***: Population‐wide differentials in HIV service access and outcomes in the Western Cape for men as compared to women, South Africa: 2008 to 2018: a cohort analysis

JIAS • Viewpoint ***MSF AUTHOR***: Measuring linkage to HIV treatment services following HIV self‐testing in low‐income settings


Neglected tropical diseases

PLOS NTDs • Article ***MSF AUTHOR***: Snakebite Epidemiology and Health-Seeking Behavior in Akonolinga Health District, Cameroon: Cross-sectional Study

PLOS NTDs • Article : A randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of individual versus household treatment for Scabies in Lambaréné, Gabon

PLOS NTDs • Article : Growth velocity in children with Environmental Enteric Dysfunction is associated with specific bacterial and viral taxa of the gastrointestinal tract in Malawian children

PLOS NTDs • Article : The impact of four years of semiannual treatments with albendazole alone on lymphatic filariasis and soil-transmitted helminth infections: A community-based study in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

PLOS NTDs • Article : Six rounds of annual praziquantel treatment during a national helminth control program significantly reduced schistosome infection and morbidity levels in a cohort of schoolchildren in Zimbabwe

PLOS NTDs • Article : Coordination among neighbors improves the efficacy of Zika control despite economic costs

PLOS NTDs • Article : The health beliefs, dengue knowledge and control behaviors among internally displaced persons versus local residents in Kachin Special Region II, Myanmar

The Lancet Infectious Diseases • Article : Burden of disease in Gabon caused by loiasis: a cross-sectional survey and comment Uncovering the burden of loiasis: first estimates from Gabon


Non-communicable diseases

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology • Comment : Walking the path together: incorporating Indigenous knowledge in diabetes research


Sexual and reproductive health

PLOS ONE • Article ***MSF AUTHOR***: A systematic review of intimate partner violence interventions focused on improving social support and/ mental health outcomes of survivors


Ebola

The Lancet Infectious Diseases • Article ***MSF AUTHOR***: Clinical and epidemiological performance of WHO Ebola case definitions: a systematic review and meta-analysis and comment Evaluating case definitions for Ebola virus disease


Malaria

The Lancet Global Health • Article : Overall, anti-malarial, and non-malarial effect of intermittent preventive treatment during pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine on birthweight: a mediation analysis and comment Defining the combined benefit of intermittent preventive malaria treatment in pregnancy

Malaria Journal • Article : Coverage of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) influences delivery outcomes among women with obstetric referrals at the district level in Ghana

Malaria Journal • Article : The impact of gravidity, symptomatology and timing of infection on placental malaria

Malaria Journal • Article : Caregiver and community perceptions and experiences participating in an infant malaria prevention trial of PfSPZ Vaccine administered by direct venous inoculation: a qualitative study in Siaya County, western Kenya

Malaria Journal • Article : Levels of knowledge regarding malaria causes, symptoms, and prevention measures among Malawian women of reproductive age

Malaria Journal • Article : Coverage of community case management for malaria through CHWs: a quantitative assessment using primary household surveys of high-burden areas in Chhattisgarh state of India

Malaria Journal • Article : Patterns of human exposure to malaria vectors in Zanzibar and implications for malaria elimination efforts

Malaria Journal • Article : Household factors associated with access to insecticide-treated nets and house modification in Bagamoyo and Ulanga districts, Tanzania

Malaria Journal • Article : Efficacy and safety of artesunate–amodiaquine and artemether–lumefantrine and prevalence of molecular markers associated with resistance, Guinea: an open-label two-arm randomised controlled trial