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Snapshot 25/05/2016

This week, we reflect on MSF Scientific Days 2016. The two-day conference was a huge success, watched by 10,013 people in 120 countries across the world. We would like to thank everyone that participated – both in London and online. If you have any suggestions for what you’d like to see at the event next year let us know (scientificday@london.msf.org). Don’t forget it is MSF Scientific Day South Asia this Saturday (28 May) – everything will be livestreamed so be sure to tune in!

An MSF study in The Paediatric Infectious Disease Journal assesses paediatric access and continuity of HIV care before the start of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa. In American Journal of Infection Control, MSF introduces an antibiotic stewardship programme (ASP) in a hospital in Jordan for patients with chronic infections, and in International Health, MSF assesses the use of symptom screening questionnaires to improve timely diagnosis of active pulmonary TB among migrants in Italy.

A comment in The Lancet discusses the history of yellow fever, in light of the current outbreak in Angola and DRC, and The NEJM examines acute HIV-1 infections to better support the development of treatment strategies.

Lastly, Research for Health in Humanitarian Crises (R2HC) are opening their Fourth Call for Proposals on June 1, and will make up to £3million available for research addressing public health within humanitarian contexts.

 

HIV

Paed Inf Dis J • Research ***MSF Author***: Pediatric access and continuity of HIV care before the start of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa

Int J Epidemiol • Research ***MSF Author***: Cohort Profile: The Khayelitsha antiretroviral programme, Cape Town, South Africa

The Lancet • Correspondence: Trial size, HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, and breastfeeding

The Lancet • Correspondence: Trial size, HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, and breastfeeding – Authors' reply

The Lancet HIV • Article: Low-dose versus standard-dose ritonavir-boosted atazanavir in virologically suppressed Thai adults with HIV (LASA): a randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial and comment

NEJM • Research: Prospective Study of Acute HIV-1 Infection in Adults in East Africa and Thailand

 

Ebola

PLOS Medicine • Article: Toward a Common Secure Future: Four Global Commissions in the Wake of Ebola

The BMJ • Analysis: Facing forward after Ebola: questions for the next director general of the World Health Organization

 

Yellow Fever

The Lancet • Comment: Yellow fever: the resurgence of a forgotten disease

 

Tuberculosis

Int Health • Article**MSF Authors**: Lessons learnt from TB screening in closed immigration centres in Italy

IJTLD • Research: The diabetes-tuberculosis co-epidemic: the role of international migration

IJTLD • Research: Antenatal and early life tobacco smoke exposure in an African birth cohort study

IJTLD • Research: Access to essential medicines to treat chronic respiratory disease in low-income countries

IJTLD • Research: Access to essential medicines to treat chronic respiratory disease in low-income countries

 

Maternal and Child Health

The Lancet • Comment: Learning Together to improve children's health

The Lancet • Comment: Late maternal deaths: a neglected responsibility

 

Health in a Humanitarian Context

The Lancet • World Report: Helping Colombia's landmine survivors

 

Zika Virus

The Lancet • Article: Association between Zika virus and microcephaly in French Polynesia, 2013–15: a retrospective study

The BMJ • News: Call to cancel 2016 Olympics because of Zika risk is not backed by WHO guidance

JAMA Op • Comment: Zika Virus Infection and the Eye

PLOS NTDs • Article: A Cost-Effectiveness Tool for Informing Policies on Zika Virus Control

The BMJ • News: Obama calls on Congress to fully fund Zika response

 

Health Research

PLOS Medicine • Editorial: Health Research and the World Humanitarian Summit—Not a Thousand Miles Apart

PLOS Medicine • Research: Epidemiology and Reporting Characteristics of Systematic Reviews of Biomedical Research: A Cross-Sectional Study

 

AMR

AJIC • Article**MSF Author**: Introducing an antibiotic stewardship program in a humanitarian surgical hospital

The Economist • Article: The grim prospect

The Lancet Inf Dis • Comment: Reflecting on the final report of the O'Neill Review on Antimicrobial Resistance

 

Malaria

Malaria Journal • Article: Knowledge and awareness of malaria and mosquito biting behaviour in selected sites within Morogoro and Dodoma regions Tanzania

Malaria Journal • Article: The epidemiology of residual Plasmodium falciparum malaria transmission and infection burden in an African city with high coverage of multiple vector control measures

Malaria Journal • Article: A significant association between deltamethrin resistance, Plasmodium falciparum infection and the Vgsc-1014S resistance mutation in Anopheles gambiae highlights the epidemiological importance of resistance markers

 

Compiled by:  Holly Baker, Jeffrey Hau,  & Kim West

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) UK

MSF-authored article list assistance:
Frances Williams, Patricia Kahn
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) USA

If you are unable to access any of these articles please contact Kaai Meier-de Kock (kaai.meier-de.kock@berlin.msf.org) at the MSF-DE Library and Research Centre or Aline Raymond (aline.raymond@brussels.msf.org) at OCB's IDC (Information and Documentation Centre) who will aim to send you the article within 48 hours.

 

 

 

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