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Snapshot 16/09/2016

This week in PLOS ONE, MSF discusses the use of brincidofovir as an experimental treatment for Ebola virus disease in Liberia, and a second article examines the frequency at which optic neuropathy is caused by linezolid-containing drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) regimens in Mumbai, India.

In Archives of Public Health, MSF finds that mothers are non-inferior to community health workers for screening for malnutrition by mid-upper arm circumference in rural Niger and recommends their inclusion in malnutrition treatment programmes. You can watch the MSF Scientific Days presentation on this study here.

In the Journal of Global Health, MSF assesses the burden of rheumatic heart disease among refugee children and an MSF article in International Health describes mental health disorders following the 2013 typhoon in the Philippines.

Lastly, the first MSF Paediatric Days will take place in Stockholm at the Karolinska University Hospital on 23rd & 24th of September 2016, and will be streamed live online in English and French.



PLOS ONE • Research ***MSF Authors***: Experimental Treatment of Ebola Virus Disease with Brincidofovir


Health in a humanitarian setting

Journal of Global Health • Article***MSF Authors***: Assessing the burden of rheumatic heart disease among refugee children: a call to action

International Health • Article***MSF Authors***: Not forgetting severe mental disorders in humanitarian emergencies: a descriptive study from the Philippines

Conflict & Health • Research: Mental health and psychosocial support for South Sudanese refugees in northern Uganda: a needs and resource assessment


Child and Maternal Health

Arch Public Health • Research***MSF Authors***: Mothers screening for malnutrition by mid-upper arm circumference is non-inferior to community health workers: results from a large-scale pragmatic trial in rural Niger

BMC Nutrition • Research***MSF Authors***: Children with moderate acute malnutrition have inflammation not explained by maternal reports of illness and clinical symptoms: a cross-sectional study in Burkina Faso

TM&IH • Research: Pregnancy and childbirth after repair of obstetric fistula in sub-Saharan Africa: Scoping Review

TM&IH • Research: Independent and combined effects of maternal smoking and solid fuel on infant and child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa



NEJM • Correspondence: Miscarriage Associated with Zika Virus Infection

BMJ • News: Men and women should practise safe sex for six months to avoid Zika, says WHO 

BMJ • Research: Prevalence of microcephaly in Europe: population based study 



PLOS Medicine • Research: The Incidence Patterns Model to Estimate the Distribution of New HIV Infections in Sub-Saharan Africa: Development and Validation of a Mathematical Model

Lance HIV • Research: Comparative efficacy and safety of first-line antiretroviral therapy for the treatment of HIV infection: a systematic review and network meta-analysis and comment

IJTLD • Research: Predictors of adherence to isoniazid preventive therapy in people living with HIV in Ethiopia



PLOS ONE • Research ***MSF Authors***: Linezolid-Associated Optic Neuropathy in Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Mumbai, India

IJTLD • Research: IMCI indicators of childhood TBM at primary health care level in the Western Cape Province of South Africa

IJTLD • Research: Active tuberculosis case finding among pregnant women: a pilot project in Burkina Faso

IJTLD • Research: Childhood pneumonia and crowding, bed-sharing and nutrition: a case-control study from The Gambia

IJTLD • Research: ‘That's when I struggle' … Exploring challenges faced by care givers of children with tuberculosis in Botswana

IJTLD • Research: Bitter pills: care givers navigating stigma, stock outs, and unfriendly formulations in Botswana



PLOS Medicine • Research: Scheduled Intermittent Screening with Rapid Diagnostic Tests and Treatment with Dihydroartemisinin-Piperaquine versus Intermittent Preventive Therapy with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine for Malaria in Pregnancy in Malawi: An Open-Label Randomized Controlled Trial

Malaria Journal • Research: Selection of Plasmodium falciparum pfcrt and pfmdr1 polymorphisms after treatment with artesunate–amodiaquine fixed dose combination or artemether–lumefantrine in Liberia

Malaria Journal • Research: Assets and challenges facing caregivers when managing malaria in young children in rural Uganda

Malaria Journal • Research: Economic burden of malaria on businesses in Ghana: a case for private sector investment in malaria control

Malaria Journal • Research: Field evaluation of diagnostic performance of malaria rapid diagnostic tests in western Kenya

Malaria Journal • Research: A malariometric survey of under-fives residing in indoor residual spraying-implementing and non-implementing communities of Lagos, Nigeria

Malaria Journal • Research: Multi-method assessment of patients with febrile illness reveals over-diagnosis of malaria in rural Uganda


Neglected Tropical Diseases

PLOS NTD • Research: DenHunt - A Comprehensive Database of the Intricate Network of Dengue-Human Interactions

PLOS NTD • Research: Bacillus cereus Biovar Anthracis Causing Anthrax in Sub-Saharan Africa—Chromosomal Monophyly and Broad Geographic Distribution

PLOS NTD • Research: The Global Economic and Health Burden of Human Hookworm Infection

PLOS NTD • Research: Detection of Chikungunya Virus Circulation Using Sugar-Baited Traps during a Major Outbreak in French Guiana

PLOS Medicine • Research: Potential for Controlling Cholera Using a Ring Vaccination Strategy: Re-analysis of Data from a Cluster-Randomized Clinical Trial



The Lancet Infectious Diseases • Research: Requirements for global elimination of hepatitis B: a modelling study  and comment

TRSTMH • Research: Hepatitis C treatment outcomes using Interferon- and Ribavirin-based therapy in Kigali, Rwanda 


Compiled by:  Holly Baker, Jeffrey Hau,  & Kim West

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) UK

MSF-authored article list assistance:
Frances Williams, Patricia Kahn
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) USA

If you are unable to access any of these articles please contact Kaai Meier-de Kock ( at the MSF-DE Library and Research Centre or Aline Raymond ( at OCB's IDC (Information and Documentation Centre) who will aim to send you the article within 48 hours.




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