Every year, thousands of people fleeing violence, insecurity, and persecution at home attempt a treacherous journey via north Africa and across the Mediterranean to reach Europe. And every year, countless lives are lost on these journeys.
In 2014 alone, more than 3,400 people are thought to have died during the crossing; By May 2015, more than 1,500 people were left to drown.
"A mass grave is being created in the Mediterranean Sea," says Loris De Filippi, president of Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) Italy.
"Faced with thousands of desperate people fleeing wars and crises, Europe has closed its borders, forcing people in search of protection to risk their lives and die at sea. There is no more time to think, these lives must be saved now."
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- What was MSF doing to help?
- Recent rescues
- Who was rescued?
- Where were the people rescued at sea taken?
- A compromise to MSF's neutrality?
- Search and Rescue: MSF resumes activities in central Mediterranean
- Refugee crisis: MSF ends search and rescue operations in the Mediterranean
- Mediterranean crisis: MSF ceases operations on Phoenix rescue ship
We rescued 20,129 people on the Mediterranean in 2015. They inspired us and gave us hope. Find out more: http://msf.me/1ZLyx30
Posted by Doctors Without Borders/ Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) on Tuesday, 5 January 2016
MSF relaunched the Dignity 1 on 21 April 2016. The ship, which has the capacity to take on board 400 rescued people, has a crew of 16 - including experienced medical staff - will be proactively positioned in the waters north of Libya, and actively searching for boats in distress.
After eight months at sea, 20,129 people rescued, and over 120 separate search and rescue operations, MSF's remaining search and rescue ship the Bourbon Argos returned to port for the last time in 2015 on 30 December.
Until 23 September, MSF had a team of six people providing post rescue care on board the Phoenix, a search and rescue vessel run by MOAS (Migrant Offshore Aid Station) which began operations on 2 May. The medical care available ranged from primary care right through to resuscitation and advanced life support. On 23 September, MSF ended work on the Phoenix. Find out more.
On 9 May, we launched the Bourbon Argos. The ship has 26 people on board (of which 14 are MSF staff), including an experienced search and rescue team as well as MSF medical specialists, water and sanitation experts and logisticians. The Argos had the capacity to carry up to 700 rescued people to land.
On 13 June, we launched our third ship, Dignity I. The ship had a crew of 18 people, which included medical staff. The 50 metre-long vessel had the capacity to carry 300 people to land.
Latest tweets from @MSF_Sea
24 April 2016
On Saturday, our team aboard the Dignity 1 safely transferred 308 men, women and children from an Italian rescue vessel to short in Italy.
To date, our two boats and the Phoenix have rescued 16,350 people. They have also assisted a further 1,474 others with safe passage to Italy (after they were rescued by other boats) making it a total of 17,824 people assisted by MSF’s teams on the Mediterranean.
Refugees, migrants and asylum seekers are not interchangeable terms. The following is a brief explanation of the very different legal definitions:
- A refugee is a person who has fled his or her country and cannot return because of a well-founded fear of persecution due to their race, religion, nationality, or membership of a particular social group. Refugee status is assessed by the United Nations High Commission for Refugees or a sympathetic state.
- An asylum-seeker is someone who says he or she is a refugee and is seeking asylum in another country, but whose claim has not yet been definitively evaluated.
- A migrant is someone who chooses to move in order to improve the future prospects of themselves and their families.
As a humanitarian agency involved in search and rescue, MSF does not have a mandate or means to assess the immigration status of the people we assist.
We provide medical care without judgment and strongly believe that no human being should drown when the means exist to prevent it.
When a situation arose in which we had to intervene, we did so under the direction of the Maritime Rescue Coordination Center in Rome.
They also decided where those we rescued should disembark, as dictated by the laws of the sea.
As a rule, those we rescued were taken either to reception centers in southern Italy (Sicily) or transferred from search and rescue boats to Italian coast guard vessels.
We felt compelled first and foremost to assist people who were dying in the Mediterranean. We had the means and, for us, ignoring the problem was not an option.
Of course, we are aware that by doing this we are entering a very contentious political debate in Europe. But we believe that inaction cannot be justified on ideological grounds and that, in fact, as a medical organisation that takes its cues from medical ethics, we must take action. Find out more about our principles.